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Blood Hormone Analysis for Men & Women – Hormone Blood Tests – Birmingham, AL

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Overview

What does a hormone analysis have to do with fertility? Everything. Many different hormones with levels too high or too low play a significant role in the fertility of men and women. This diagnostic tool can analyze your hormone levels and give Dr. Cecil A. Long valuable information about your potential cause of infertility.

You should consider consulting with our team at the America Institute of Reproductive Medicine – Alabama for a hormone analysis if you are a woman with:

  • A hormonal imbalance
  • A decreased sex drive
  • An irregular or nonexistent menstrual cycle
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • Rapid, unexpected weight gain or loss
  • The inability to maintain a pregnancy (one or more miscarriage)

Men also can have the blood assessment for:

  • An erectile dysfunction
  • A decreased sex drive
  • A suspected low sperm count or quality
  • A hormonal imbalance of the follicle-stimulating and luteinizing hormones, and/or testosterone levels

Our state-of-the-art blood analyzing equipment can be calibrated and optimized for fertility testing to give results in a matter of hours, not days.

Hormone Testing

Follicle-Stimulating Hormones

Follicle-stimulating hormones (FSH) help to control egg production and ovulation. FSH tests are done on day 3 of a woman’s menstrual cycle to evaluate ovarian reserve. This is because FSH is released early in the cycle to stimulate the development of an egg. As a woman gets older, FSH levels increase to stimulate aging ovaries. A woman with high levels of FSH on day 3 of her cycle will likely have lower egg quantities and possibly more trouble getting pregnant than a woman with lower FSH levels. In men, FSH along with LH (luteinizing hormone) stimulate the production of testosterone.

Estradiol

Estradiol is the primary female hormone produced by growing follicles in the ovaries. A mature follicle getting ready to ovulate will typically produce higher amounts of estradiol. This hormone is important for the appropriate development of the endometrium for an embryo to successfully implant. 

Luteinizing Hormones

Luteinizing hormone (LH), which is produced by the pituitary gland, stimulates the release of eggs from the ovaries. LH levels in the blood surge about 24 – 48 hours before ovulation. LH levels in males can affect testicular function and sperm production.

Progesterone

Progesterone is produced by the ovaries just after ovulation to prepare the uterus for the implantation of a fertilized egg. Levels of progesterone typically peak about one week after ovulation has occurred.

Anti-mullerian Hormones

Anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) is produced by the small ovarian follicles. AMH levels are an indicator of ovarian egg quantities. High AMH levels may predict that a woman will respond well to ovarian stimulation during IVF and produce more eggs during the retrieval than a woman with lower AMH levels.

Thyroid Stimulating Hormones

Healthy thyroid function is crucial to fertility. Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) may influence fertilization, implantation, and the overall health and development of the fetus. Women with a family history of thyroid disease, irregular menstrual cycles, or recurrent miscarriages should consider thyroid testing.

Androgens

While androgens are typically a male hormone, they can have an influence on female fertility. In women, almost every androgen is immediately converted to estrogen, which aides in the thickening of the endometrium (lining of the uterus), regulation of the menstrual cycle, and control of the sex drive. Too many androgens can lead to anovulation (lack of ovulation) or may be an indicator of PCOS, which is a common cause of female infertility.

What to Expect

A woman should consider fertility testing if she has been actively trying to get pregnant by having unprotected, regular sex with her partner for more than one year. If a woman is over the age of 35, she should consider fertility testing after 6 months of trying to get pregnant. Women with the following conditions may elect to get fertility testing sooner:

  • Diagnosed or suspected problems with the reproductive organs: uterus, ovaries, or fallopian tubes
  • Irregular menstrual cycle (more than 35 days apart or none at all)
  • Recurrent miscarriages
  • A partner with diagnosed or suspected infertility

Testing Risks

The risks of blood hormone testing are minimal and include bruising and irritation at the site of the blood draw.

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Check Your Hormone Levels

When managing infertility, our onsite hormone laboratory can access test results within 1 – 2 hours after the blood sample is drawn, which allows real-time decisions for fertility treatment. When you assess your blood hormone levels, your tests may provide vital information that can be essential to diagnose the cause(s) of infertility and assist in the achievement of pregnancy. Call and schedule your appointment today.

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*Individual results are not guaranteed and may vary from person to person. Images may contain models.